Design or Darwinism?

There are many different theories regarding creation and evolution in today’s world. 

One of these theories is evolution, which Joshua Kwekel, associate professor of biochemistry and molecular biology, says can be a tricky word. 

“It can have a generic meaning and it can have a very specific meaning,” says Joshua Kwekel.

Kwekel says the general meaning is ‘change over time’.

“Most people, when they use the word, are referring to Darwinian Evolution, which is what I would call macroevolution [big changes not limited to one species],” says Kwekel.

Kwekel says Darwinian evolution is the molecules-to-man hypothesis that form the Big Bang Theory. Basically, tiny molecules form into larger, more complex molecules creating a new organism (mankind). 

When the Big Bang happened, cells came together and formed plants, animals and other life forms over millions of years.

Macroevolution

Large changes in an organism over millions of years, making more complex organisms.

 “Roughly speaking, it is Darwinism that says all organisms today share a universal common ancestor,” says Kwekel. 

According to Virgil Porter, associate professor of Bible, macroevolution is an attempt by science to explain the origin of humanity.

“I don’t think [macroevolution] can be proven. One of the aspects of science is experimentation… Scientists experiment to prove their theories,” says Porter. “They’ll never be able to prove evolution through an experiment.”

According to Kwekel there are many similarities to macroevolution and another belief, microevolution, which is small changes occurring within species over time.

Kwekel says all Christians should affirm that microevolution occurs.

“The controversial part is ‘do we all share a common ancestor?’” says Kwekel. “That, for me, is where the Christian worldview does not share that [belief].”

Kwekel says even though all the theories are connected, there are discrepancies of opinions within the views themselves. 

“[Christians] believe there is a special creation,” says Kwekel. “Adam and Eve were  human beings God spoke into existence separate from his other created organisms and animals [the difference between microevolution and macroevolution].”

Microevolution

The belief of small changes in an organism making a similarly complex organism. The organism cannot become more complex than it originally was.

Freshman Bryan Pendergraft says he believes in microevolution.

“In the beginning, I believe a higher being created a small number of creatures with very complex but broad DNA structures that allowed for the development of specialized creatures in that animal group,” says Pendergraft.

The Big Bang Theory is only one theory about the beginning of the world, there are many more including Creationism and several views within Creationism, like the Gap Theory.

  Sophomore Tiffany Knowles says she believes in the Gap Theory which says there was a large space of time between the first days of creation recorded in the Bible.

The Gap Theory

A gap of millions of years placed some time in the first three days of creation.

“There [were] millions of years in between [Genesis 1] verse 1 and verse 2,” says Knowles. “In verse 1, it says God created the heavens and the earth… That is why it was without form or void.”

According to Knowles, this theory explains why the earth is scientifically older than what most Christians believe.

Kwekel says the Gap Theory is definitely worth looking at.

“There are many ways to interpret Genesis 1,” says Kwekel.

According to Kwekel, the first three days of creation is where millions of years are placed.

“You could make the assumption the rotation of the earth was the same on the days before [the sun was created], and that’s a decent assumption, but we can’t know for certain,” says Kwekel. “We don’t know how time worked before that.”

Kwekel says these arguments about the Gap Theory are valid.

Porter says he is very certain in what he believes about the timeline of creation.

“I think the first six days are literal six days,” says Porter. “No gaps between them, 24-hour days.”

Straw Poll Data

Do you believe in evolution?:

16 no

2 yes

2 not sure

Photo illustration by Haley Lingenfelter

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